SPAN505A

Grandes figuras del hispanismo en España y Latinoamérica: el pícaro

This course studies one of the main figures in Hispanic Studies: the pícaro (the rogue).  Within a Trans-Atlantic perspective and through different theoretical approaches, we will analyze the transformation process of  this folkloric and literary character into an archetype (Jung) and even a myth (Frye, Barthes, Levi-Strauss) by using a corpus that includes works from different times, genres and places such as Spain, Mexico, Paraguay or Argentina. In our analysis, we will reflect on the authors’ reasons for choosing this figure of dissent, the ideological function of the different versions and reinterpretations, and the socio-economical contexts where the pícaro emerges (Imperial Spain, Colonial America, Mexican Revolution…). While the course will be literature-based, we will also make use of other cultural appearances of this anti-hero such as cinema, art and soap operas.

Corpus of primary texts
– Cervantes, Miguel de. El coloquio de los perros en Novelas ejemplares (1613).
– Quevedo, Francisco de. El buscón (1626).
– Fernández Lizardi, José J. El Periquillo Sarniento (selections) (1816) or Carlos Sigüenza y Góngora. Infortunios de Alonso Ramírez (1690).
– Arlt, Roberto. El juguete rabioso (1926).
– Romero, José Rubén. La vida inútil de Pito Pérez (1938).
– Roa Bastos, Augusto. “Mano cruel” en El trueno entre la hojas (1953).
– Rulfo, Juan. “Macario” en El llano en llamas (1953).
– Gutiérrez, Pedro Juan. El rey de La Habana (1999)
– Arguinis, Marcos. “La cáustica picardía” en El atroz encanto de ser argentinos  (2001).

Critical Sources
Ardila, J.A.G. The picaresque novel in Western literature: from the sixteenth century to the neopicaresque.  Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2015.
Casas de Faunce, María. La novela picaresca latinoamericana. Madrid, Cupsa, 1977.
Criado del Val, Manuel. La picaresca: orígenes, textos y estructura: actas del I Congreso Internacional sobre la Picaresca. Madrid: Fundación Universitaria Española, 1979.
Cruz, Anne J. Discourses of Poverty: Social Reform and the Picaresque Novel in Early Modern Spain. Toronto:  University of Toronto Press, 1999.
Maiorino, Giancarlo (ed). The picaresque: tradition and displacement (Chps. 7 and 8). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1996.
Maravall, José A. La picaresca desde la historia social. Madrid: Taurus, 1986.
Ordaz, Ramón. El pícaro en la literatura iberoamericana. México: UNAM, 2000.
Rodríguez Mansilla, Fernando. La nave de los pícaros. Investigaciones sobre la novela picaresca. Lima: Universidad Católica: 2005.
Sanders, Julie. “Part 1. Defining terms” in Adaptation and Appropriation. New York: Routledge,  2006.
Segal, Robert (Ed.). Structuralism in myth: Lévi-Strauss, Barthes, Dumézil, and Propp. New York, Garland Pub, 1996.

Language of instruction: Spanish

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