SPAN505

Text and Image: Avant-Garde to Neo Avant-Garde in Latin America

The course will offer an in-depth examination of the major avant-garde and neo avant-garde movements in 20th century Latin America. We will study literary and visual materials, as well as manifestoes and critical texts, examining the confluence of text and image as an important element to avant-garde writers and artists. Starting with Modernismo as antecedent, we will examine Ultraísmo, Creacionismo, Estridentismo, Antropofagia, ending with Constructivism, Concretism, Neo-Concretism, and Conceptualism. We will also examine the relationship of the Latin American avant-garde with European and global counterparts (Futurism, Dada, Surrealism, Concretism) in order to investigate Latin America’s position within international literary and artistic movements. Concepts to be examined: modernity, technology, national identity X cosmopolitanism, form, difference, and the environment.

Required texts (selections TBD)
Rubén Darío Prosas profanas y otros poemas (1901) Nicaragua
Jorge Luis Borges Revista Martín Fierro (1924-1927) Argentina
César Vallejo Trilce (1922) Peru
Manuel Maples Arce Urbe (Super-poema bolchevique en 5 cantos) (1924) Mexico
Alfredo Mario Ferreiro El hombre que se comió un autobús (1927) Uruguay
Oswald de Andrade Manifesto da Antropofagia (1928) Brazil
Mário de Andrade Macunaíma (1928) Brazil
Vicente Huidobro Altazor (1931) Chile
Oliverio Girondo Espantapájaros (1932) Argentina
Patrícia Galvão Parque Industrial (1933) Brazil
Alfonsina Storni Antología poética (1938) Argentina
Haroldo de Campos Revista Noigandres (1952) and Xadrez de Estrelas (1976) Brazil
Xul Solar Poesía (1962) Argentina
Augusto de Campos Teoría de la Poesía Concreta (1965) and Viva Vaia (1979) Brazil
Olga Orozco La oscuridad es otro sol (1967) Argentina
Ferreira Gullar Toda Poesía (1980) Brazil

Required critical texts (selections TBD)
Aguilar, Gonzalo. Poesía concreta brasileña. Viterbo Editora, 2003.
Burger, Peter. Theory of the Avant- Garde. University of Minnesota Press, 1984.
Flores, Tatiana. Mexico’s Revolutionary Avant-Gardes: From Estridentismo to ¡30–30!. Yale UP, 2013.
Poggioli, Renato. The Theory of the Avant-Garde. Belknap, 1981.
Price, Rachel. The Object of the Atlantic: Concrete Aesthetics in Cuba, Brazil, and Spain (1868 – 1968). Northwestern University Press, 2014.
Ramírez, Mari Carmen. Inverted Utopias: Avant-Garde Art in Latin America. Yale University Press, 2004.
Rosenberg, Fernando. The Avant-Garde and Geopolitics in Latin America. University of Pittsburgh Press, 2006.
Schwartz, Jorge. Las vanguardias latinoamericanas: Textos programáticos y críticos. Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2002.
Sthromberg, Elena. Art Systems: Brazil and the 1970s. University of Texas Press, 2016.
Unruh, Vicky. Latin American Vanguards: The Art of Contentious Encounters. University of California, 1994.

Suggested texts
The Craft of Research. Booth, Colomb, Williams
MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. Joseph Gibaldi
Texts will be available in PDF format on the course website.

Language of instruction: Spanish

Course Registration